What is pericarditis Pericarditis is an inflammatory disease of the pericardium, the thin membrane that surrounds the heart, and can be
What is pneumococcus or streptococcus pneumonie? Pneumococcus, or streptococcus pneumoniae, is one of the most frequent Gram positive bacteria
What is hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism is a pathological condition caused by the presence of elevated thyroid hormone levels in the blood, due to
What is mycoplasma Mycoplasmas are ubiquitous bacteria of very small size, so much so that they are thought to be like cells
What is hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome due to an inability of the thyroid gland, an "H" shaped endocrine gland inside
Mitral prolapse What is mitral prolapse The term mitral prolapse refers to an abnormality whereby a
Bursitis What is bursitis? Bursitis is an inflammatory process of the serous bursa of a joint. Serous bursae are tissue sacs
Lung cancer Lung cancer is a neoplasm that develops in the respiratory system, starting from the cells that make up the bronchi,
Spina bifida What is spina bifida? Spina bifida is a severe malformation of the spine, also called the rachis or spine,
What is COPD COPD, also called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or, in English, COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), is a
Polycystic Kidney What is Polycystic Kidney Renal polycystosis (or polycystic kidney disease) is a genetic disease characterized by
Aortic insufficiency What is aortic insufficiency With the term aortic insufficiency we mean a pathology affecting the aortic valve, branch
Dupuytren's disease What is Dupuytren's disease? Dupuytren's disease, or Dupuytren's contracture, is a disease of
Encephalitis What is encephalitis? Encephalitis is inflammation that affects the brain, what is commonly called the brain. It is a very serious condition
Kidney stones Kidney stones are poorly soluble constituents, part of the urine, which precipitate there forming crystalline clusters
Aortic stenosis (AS) What is aortic stenosis? The term aortic stenosis indicates a narrowing of the aortic valve orifice
Bladder cancer What is bladder cancer and epidemiology Bladder cancer is an overgrowth of a
Narcissism or Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissism is a personality disorder characterized by grandiosity, a need for admiration and
Cyclothymia What is cyclothymia? Cyclothymia, or cyclothymic disorder, is a chronic, milder form of bipolar disorder. With
Prostate cancer What is prostate cancer Prostate cancer refers to an abnormal growth of cells at the level
Myasthenia gravis What is minasthenia gravis Myasthenia gravis, also called myasthenia gravis or simply myasthenia, is an autoimmune disease
Head trauma When we talk about head trauma, in English Traumatic Brain Injury (or TBI), we mean all those conditions in which
Dysthymia or dysthymic disorder What is dysthymia? Dysthymic disorder (formerly referred to as depressive neurosis or simply dysthymia) is a chronic and milder form of
Pleural effusion What are pleurae? Before we start talking about pleural effusions, it is necessary to clarify what they are
Cerebral haemorrhage or haemorrhagic stroke Cerebral haemorrhage is a pathology of the cerebro-vascular district corresponding to a leak of blood from
Peritoneum Features and functions What is the peritoneum? The peritoneum is a serous membrane, which is an epithelial tissue formed by a layer of
Cerebral ischemic stroke Ischemic stroke is an interruption in blood flow to the brain due to an occlusion of an artery, which causes
Anemia is a very common condition. The diagnosis is made through the analysis of the blood count: the finding of low hemoglobin, low red blood cells or hematocrit
Bronchitis Bronchitis is a very widespread inflammatory disease affecting the bronchial tree and which can be acute, short-term
Pneumonia Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease that can involve one or both lungs. It can be caused by viruses,
Cystitis Cystitis is inflammation of the bladder wall that can lead to continuous discomfort and the feeling of
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is very common, and often occurs asymptomatically. In a small percentage of cases, yes
Diverticula are small dilations of the intestinal wall, mainly affecting the colon and sigma. Most of the
Pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease of the pancreatic gland or pancreas. There may be acute, that is, pancreatitis of short duration
Urinary tract infection (UTI or urinary tract infection or UTI) is a
Cirrhosis is the consequence of progressive and irreversible damage to the liver. The damage causes the tissue to scar
Pulmonary embolism is partial or total obstruction of the pulmonary artery and / or its branches. Since this is a serious and risky disease,
Rubella is an infectious, contagious disease caused by the Rubivirus. The infection is transmitted through saliva and other secretions of the respiratory system, incubation
Infectious mononucleosis is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mononucleosis, the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV)
Mumps Mumps, commonly called "mumps", is a disease caused by a virus belonging to the genus
Measles is an infectious disease caused by a virus belonging to the Morbillivirus genus, a highly contagious virus that
Chickenpox is a disease caused by the Varicella zoster virus which belongs to the Herpesvirus family. In English it is called chickenpox, ed
Pertussis is an infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by the Gram negative bacillus Bordetella Pertussis. In the past it was called
Polyposis Polyp: what is polyposis In medicine, polyposis is a pathology characterized by the presence of several polyps on a
Influenza is an infectious disease caused by the Influenzavirus, with a seasonal nature and a high degree of contagiousness. It is one of the main ones
Peritonitis is an inflammatory process, which can be acute, and therefore limited in time, or chronic, of the peritoneum, the
Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids are venous gavoccioli (small swellings) located near the anal sphincter. Hemorrhoids take
Chronic Hashimoto's thyroiditis, also called chronic autoimmune thyroiditis or lymphocytic thyroiditis, is a chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland, and
Thyroiditis is an inflammatory process affecting the thyroid gland. De Quervain's thyroiditis, or subacute thyroiditis, is
Hypopituitarism is a medical condition characterized by the reduction or complete absence of production of pituitary hormones, i.e. the substances
Silent postpartum thyroiditis or post-pregnancy thyroiditis is an inflammatory disease affecting the thyroid gland, which occurs
FEOCHROMOCytoma Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-producing tumor (adrenaline and noradrenaline) and is a rare cause of hypertension.
Thyroiditis is inflammation of the thyroid gland. There are many types of thyroiditis, each with a different course and cause.
EXTERNAL HEMORROIDS We speak of external hemorrhoids when the hemorrhoids protrude from the anal canal and are visible to the naked eye.
INTERNAL HEMORROIDS What are internal hemorrhoids? Internal hemorrhoids are represented by dilation of the hemorrhoidal veins that form pads
Scarlet fever is an acute infectious disease typical of the pediatric age. It is on average contagious and has quite important symptoms with
Mononucleosis is an infectious, contagious disease caused by the infection of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which attacks our body, especially
Each kidney is made up of over one million small units called nephrons, with two main structures: the glomerulus and
Anemia is a condition characterized by a reduced amount of hemoglobin in the circulating blood. this can happen because
Pernicious anemia is a disease caused by a reduced absorption of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). Vitamin B12 is crucial for proper

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